High blood pressure

High blood pressure

Keeping your blood pressure as normal as possible is an important part of treatment for type 2 diabetes because this reduces your risk of cardiovascular disease.

You should have a blood pressure check at least once a year, and more often if you have high blood pressure or any long-term complications.

If you have high blood pressure you can make some lifestyle changes to help lower your blood pressure, such as eating healthy food, losing weight if you are overweight, quitting smoking if you smoke, doing more exercise, and controlling your alcohol intake if you drink alcohol. Your doctor or nurse should explain about changes to your lifestyle that can help.

If you have followed the advice about lifestyle changes but your blood pressure stays high, your doctor or nurse should talk with you about blood pressure medicines that may help, and they should check your blood pressure every 1 to 2 months.

Once your blood pressure has fallen to your target level and is stable, you should then have blood pressure checks every 4 to 6 months.

NICE has produced separate guidance and information for the public on hypertension, which is the medical name for high blood pressure – see other NICE guidance for more information.

Questions to ask about treatment for high blood pressure

  • Why is it important to keep my blood pressure as normal as possible?

  • What blood pressure levels should I aim for?

  • How often will my blood pressure be tested?

  • What can I do to lower my blood pressure? Will taking exercise help?

  • What other lifestyle changes should I make to help reduce my blood pressure?

  • Why are you offering this medicine for blood pressure? How will it help?

  • What are the side effects of these medicines? What should I do if I get any side effects?

  • Information Standard