This guideline covers targeted interventions to prevent misuse of drugs, including illegal drugs, ‘legal highs’ and prescription-only medicines. It aims to prevent or delay harmful use of drugs in children, young people and adults who are most likely to start using drugs or who are already experimenting or using drugs occasionally.
This guideline does not cover broader activities, both population-level (universal) and targeted, that aim to build people's skills, resilience and ability to make positive decisions about their health and which address the wider determinants of health. For more information, see the NICE guidance on lifestyle and wellbeing.
This guideline includes recommendations on:
- delivering drug misuse prevention activities as part of existing services
- assessing whether someone is vulnerable to drug misuse
- providing skills training for children and young people who are vulnerable to drug misuse
- providing information to adults who are vulnerable to drug misuse
- providing information about drug use in settings that people who use drugs or are at risk of using drugs may attend
Who is it for?
- Health and social care professionals
- Commissioners and providers
- Practitioners working in drug misuse prevention and specialist drug treatment services
- Owners and staff at venues attended by people using or at risk of using drugs (such as gyms, pubs, clubs or music events)
- People responsible for educational governance
- People who use drugs, their carers and families, and the public
Guideline development process
NICE worked with Public Health England to develop this guidance.
This guideline updates and replaces NICE guideline PH4 (March 2007).
Next review: 2021
The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, professionals are expected to take this guideline fully into account, alongside the individual needs, preferences and values of their patients or service users. The application of the recommendations in this guideline is not mandatory and the guideline does not override the responsibility of healthcare professionals to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual patient, in consultation with the patient and/or their carer or guardian.
Local commissioners and/or providers have a responsibility to enable the guideline to be applied when individual health professionals and their patients or service users wish to use it. They should do so in the context of local and national priorities for funding and developing services, and in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, to advance equality of opportunity and to reduce health inequalities. Nothing in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with compliance with those duties.
Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.