5 Recommendations for research

5 Recommendations for research

PHIAC recommends the following research questions should be addressed in order to improve the evidence relating to promoting the emotional and social wellbeing of children in primary education.

  1. What indicators should be used to measure the emotional and social wellbeing of primary schoolchildren and to monitor any changes over time? How can such measures be used in evaluation, including economic appraisals?

  2. What is the most effective and cost effective way to improve the emotional and social wellbeing of primary schoolchildren? How do interventions to improve emotional and social wellbeing (including multi-component programmes) affect social, health and education outcomes (and costs) in the longer term.

  3. What are the most effective and cost-effective ways of improving the emotional and social wellbeing of vulnerable primary schoolchildren? This includes those from certain black and minority groups and looked after children (including those who have subsequently been adopted).

  4. What are the most effective ways to involve parents or carers, particularly those from disadvantaged backgrounds, in primary school programmes to improve their children's emotional and social wellbeing?

  5. What are the most effective ways of involving children in the development, implementation and evaluation of programmes to promote emotional and social wellbeing in primary schools?

More detail on the evidence gaps identified during the development of this guidance is provided in appendix D.