Appendix D: Gaps in the evidence

Appendix D: Gaps in the evidence

PHIAC identified a number of gaps in the evidence relating to the interventions under examination, based on an assessment of the evidence. These gaps are set out below.

  1. There is a lack of UK evidence on the short- and long-term effectiveness of using organisation-wide interventions within secondary education to promote the social and emotional wellbeing of young people.

  2. There is a lack of evidence on the differential effect of using different professional groups, as part of an organisation-wide approach, to promote the social and emotional wellbeing of young people in secondary education. These groups may include teachers, head teachers and other practitioners.

  3. There is a lack of UK evidence on the cost effectiveness of using organisation-wide interventions to promote the social and emotional wellbeing of young people in secondary education.

  4. There is a lack of UK evidence on the links between the social and emotional wellbeing of young people and their emotional and social wellbeing and physical health as adults.

  5. There is a lack of evidence on the prevalence of problem behaviours (such as bullying) in English secondary education establishments.

  6. There is a lack of UK evidence on whether organisation-wide secondary education interventions to promote social and emotional wellbeing and reduce problem behaviours have an impact on educational attainment and crime rates.

  7. There is no agreed method for valuing the costs and benefits of interventions to promote social and emotional wellbeing that involve different sectors including the NHS, education and the criminal justice system.

  8. There is a lack of UK evidence to judge whether or not interventions aiming to promote social and emotional wellbeing and reduce problem behaviours in secondary education have any unintended (including negative) effects.

The Committee made five recommendations for research. These are listed in section 5.

  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)