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  • Question on Consultation

    Has all of the relevant evidence been taken into account?
  • Question on Consultation

    Is the company’s proposed population the population that would benefit most from liraglutide?
  • Question on Consultation

    Are the summaries of clinical and cost effectiveness reasonable interpretations of the evidence?
  • Question on Consultation

    Are the recommendations sound and a suitable basis for guidance to the NHS?
  • Question on Consultation

    Are there any aspects of the recommendations that need particular consideration to ensure we avoid unlawful discrimination against any group of people on the grounds of race, gender, disability, religion or belief, sexual orientation, age, gender reassignment, pregnancy and maternity?
The content on this page is not current guidance and is only for the purposes of the consultation process.

1 Recommendations

1.1 Liraglutide is not recommended, within its marketing authorisation, for managing overweight and obesity in adults alongside a reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity.

1.2 This recommendation is not intended to affect treatment with liraglutide that was started in the NHS before this guidance was published. Adults having treatment outside this recommendation may continue without changes to the funding arrangements in place for them before this guidance was published, until they and their NHS clinician consider it appropriate to stop.

Why the committee made these recommendations

Obesity is very common in England, affecting about 26% of the adult population. Current management for overweight and obesity is lifestyle measures alone, lifestyle measures with orlistat, or bariatric surgery.

Clinical trial evidence shows that liraglutide with lifestyle measures is more effective for weight loss and delaying the development of type 2 diabetes than lifestyle measures alone. But its long-term effectiveness, particularly on the risk of cardiovascular disease, is unknown.

In its submission, the company made a case for liraglutide's cost-effectiveness in people who were considered at high risk of the adverse consequences of obesity, that is, adults with a BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 with pre-diabetes and a high risk of cardiovascular disease. It did not provide evidence for the whole population covered by the marketing authorisation.

Because of the uncertainty in the clinical evidence, even in this high-risk subgroup, the cost-effectiveness estimate is highly uncertain and potentially much higher than what NICE considers a cost-effective use of NHS resources. Therefore, liraglutide cannot be recommended.