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HDA publications

Many Health Development Agency (HDA) publications are available in PDF format below. These publications were either:

  • produced by the HDA, or
  • commissioned by them, but published after its functions were transferred to NICE.

While these publications help support evidence-based decision making by public health practitioners, they do not represent NICE guidance.

Smuggling and cross border shopping of tobacco products in the European Union

This paper examines the impact of smuggling and cross border shopping on consumption. It examines cross border sales and smuggling, their causes, the smuggling situation in some countries and the effects of cross border trade. An evaluation is presented on the effect of smuggling on sales and tax revenue as well as a definition of the role of multinational tobacco firms. Recommendations are made to tackle the smuggling problem.

This page was last updated: 11 December 2009

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Selected, reliable information for health and social care in one place

Accessibility | Cymraeg | Freedom of information | Vision Impaired | Contact Us | Glossary | Data protection | Copyright | Disclaimer | Terms and conditions

Copyright 2014 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. All rights reserved.

Accessibility | Cymraeg | Freedom of information | Vision Impaired | Contact Us | Glossary | Data protection | Copyright | Disclaimer | Terms and conditions

Copyright 2014 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. All rights reserved.