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Pneumonia in adults: diagnosis and management (CG191)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing community- and hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults. It aims to improve accurate assessment and diagnosis of pneumonia to help guide antibiotic prescribing and ensure that people receive the right treatment.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014

Multiple sclerosis in adults: management (CG186)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing multiple sclerosis in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve the quality of life for adults with multiple sclerosis by promoting symptom management, comprehensive reviews and effective relapse treatment.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014

Acute heart failure: diagnosis and management (CG187)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing acute heart failure or possible acute heart failure in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve the immediate care of someone who is acutely unwell as a result of heart failure.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014

Gallstone disease: diagnosis and management (CG188)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing gallstone disease in adults. It aims to reduce variation in care by promoting the most effective treatments, and to improve the advice given to people with gallstone disease before and after treatment.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014

Sunlight exposure: risks and benefits (NG34)

This guideline covers how to communicate the risks and benefits of natural sunlight exposure (specifically, the ultraviolet rays UVA and UVB) to help people understand why they may need to modify their behaviour to reduce their risk of skin cancer and vitamin D deficiency.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Transition from children's to adults' services for young people using health or social care services (NG43)

This guideline covers the period before, during and after a young person moves from children's to adults' services. It aims to help young people and their carers have a better experience of transition by improving the way it’s planned and carried out. It covers both health and social care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Community engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities (NG44)

This guideline covers community engagement approaches to reduce health inequalities, ensure health and wellbeing initiatives are effective and help local authorities and health bodies meet their statutory obligations.

NICE guideline Published March 2016

Intravenous fluid therapy in children and young people in hospital (NG29)

This guideline covers general principles for managing intravenous (IV) fluids for children and young people under 16 years, including assessing fluid and electrolyte status and prescribing IV fluid therapy. It applies to a range of conditions and different settings. It does not include recommendations relating to specific conditions. This guideline represents a major opportunity to improve patient safety for children and young people having IV fluid therapy in hospital.

NICE guideline Published December 2015

Diabetes in pregnancy: management from preconception to the postnatal period (NG3)

This guideline covers managing diabetes and its complications in women who are planning pregnancy or are already pregnant. It aims to improve the diagnosis of gestational diabetes and help women with diabetes to self-manage their blood glucose levels before and during pregnancy.

NICE guideline Published February 2015 Last updated August 2015

Oral health promotion: general dental practice (NG30)

This guideline covers how general dental practice teams can convey advice about oral hygiene and the use of fluoride. It also covers diet, smoking, smokeless tobacco and alcohol intake.

NICE guideline Published December 2015

Care of dying adults in the last days of life (NG31)

This guideline covers the clinical care of adults (18 years and over) who are dying during the last 2 to 3 days of life. It aims to improve end of life care for people in their last days of life by communicating respectfully and involving them, and the people important to them, in decisions and by maintaining their comfort and dignity. The guideline covers how to manage common symptoms without causing unacceptable side effects and maintain hydration in the last days of life.

NICE guideline Published December 2015

Major trauma: service delivery (NG40)

This guideline covers the organisation and provision of major trauma services in pre-hospital and hospital settings, including ambulance services, emergency departments, major trauma centres and trauma units. It aims to reduce deaths and disabilities in people with serious injuries by providing a systematic approach to the delivery of major trauma care. It does not cover services for people with burns.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Spinal injury: assessment and initial management (NG41)

This guideline covers the assessment and early management of spinal column and spinal cord injury in pre-hospital settings (including ambulance services), emergency departments and major trauma centres. It covers traumatic injuries to the spine but does not cover spinal injury caused by a disease.It aims to reduce death and disability by improving the quality of emergency and urgent care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Motor neurone disease: assessment and management (NG42)

This guideline covers assessing and managing motor neurone disease (MND). It aims to improve care from the time of diagnosis, and covers information and support, organisation of care, managing symptoms and preparing for end of life care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Children's attachment: attachment in children and young people who are adopted from care, in care or at high risk of going into care (NG26)

This guideline covers the identification, assessment and treatment of attachment difficulties in children and young people up to age 18 who are adopted from care, in special guardianship, looked after by local authorities in foster homes (including kinship foster care), residential settings and other accommodation, or on the edge of care. It aims to address the many emotional and psychological needs of children and young people in these situations, including those resulting from maltreatment.

NICE guideline Published November 2015

Transition between inpatient hospital settings and community or care home settings for adults with social care needs (NG27)

This guideline covers the transition between inpatient hospital settings and community or care homes for adults with social care needs. It aims to improve people's experience of admission to, and discharge from, hospital by better coordination of health and social care services.

NICE guideline Published December 2015

Medicines optimisation: the safe and effective use of medicines to enable the best possible outcomes (NG5)

This guideline covers safe and effective use of medicines in health and social care for people taking 1 or more medicines. It aims to ensure that medicines provide the greatest possible benefit to people by encouraging medicines reconciliation, medication review, and the use of patient decision aids.

NICE guideline Published March 2015

Older people with social care needs and multiple long-term conditions (NG22)

This guideline covers planning and delivering social care and support for older people who have multiple long-term conditions. It promotes an integrated and person-centred approach to delivering effective health and social care services.

NICE guideline Published November 2015

Menopause: diagnosis and management (NG23)

This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of menopause, including in women who have premature ovarian insufficiency. The guideline aims to improve the consistency of support and information provided to women in menopause.

NICE guideline Published November 2015

Blood transfusion (NG24)

This guideline covers the assessment for and management of blood transfusions in adults, young people and children over 1 year old. It covers the general principles of blood transfusion, but does not make recommendations relating to specific conditions.

NICE guideline Published November 2015

Preterm labour and birth (NG25)

This guideline covers the care of women at increased risk of or with symptoms and signs of preterm labour (before 37 weeks) and women having a planned preterm birth. It aims to reduce the risks of preterm birth for the baby and describes treatments to prevent or delay early labour and birth.

NICE guideline Published November 2015

Myeloma: diagnosis and management (NG35)

This guideline covers the diagnosing and managing of myeloma (including smouldering myeloma and primary plasma cell leukaemia) in people aged 16 and over. It aims to improve care for people with myeloma by promoting the most effective tests and treatments for myeloma and its complications.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated October 2018

Cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract: assessment and management in people aged 16 and over (NG36)

This guideline covers assessing and managing cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract in people aged 16 and over. These are cancers of the airways of the head and neck, including the mouth, throat, larynx (voicebox) and sinuses. It aims to reduce variation in practice and improve survival.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated June 2018

Fractures (complex): assessment and management (NG37)

This guideline covers assessing and managing pelvic fractures, open fractures and severe ankle fractures (known as pilon fractures and intra-articular distal tibia fractures) in pre-hospital settings (including ambulance services), emergency departments and major trauma centres. It aims to reduce deaths and long-term health problems by improving the quality of emergency and urgent care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated November 2017

Fractures (non-complex): assessment and management (NG38)

This guideline covers assessing and managing non-complex fractures that can be treated in the emergency department or orthopaedic clinic. It aims to improve practice so that people with fractures receive the care that they need without unnecessary tests and treatments.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Depression in children and young people: identification and management (CG28)

This guideline covers identifying and managing depression in children and young people aged between 5 and 18 years. Based on the stepped care model, it aims to improve recognition and assessment and promote effective treatments for mild, moderate and severe depression.

Clinical guideline Published September 2005 Last updated September 2017

Long-acting reversible contraception (CG30)

This guideline covers long-acting reversible contraception. It aims to increase the use of long-action reversible contraception by improving the information given to women about their contraceptive choices.

Clinical guideline Published October 2005 Last updated September 2014

Obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder: treatment (CG31)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing, diagnosing and treating obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder in adults, young people and children (aged 8 years and older). It aims to improve the diagnosis and treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder. It includes recommendations on how families and carers may be able to support people with either of these conditions, and how they can get support for themselves.

Clinical guideline Published November 2005

Nutrition support for adults: oral nutrition support, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition (CG32)

This guideline covers identifying and caring for adults who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition in hospital or in their own home or a care home. It offers advice on how oral, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition support should be started, administered and stopped. It aims to support healthcare professionals identify malnourished people and help them to choose the most appropriate form of support.

Clinical guideline Published February 2006 Last updated August 2017

Suspected cancer: recognition and referral (NG12)

This guideline covers identifying children, young people and adults with symptoms that could be caused by cancer. It outlines appropriate investigations in primary care, and selection of people to refer for a specialist opinion. It aims to help people understand what to expect if they have symptoms that may suggest cancer.

NICE guideline Published June 2015 Last updated July 2017

Melanoma: assessment and management (NG14)

This guideline covers the assessment and management of melanoma (a type of skin cancer) in children, young people and adults. It aims to reduce variation in practice and improve survival.

NICE guideline Published July 2015

Diabetes (type 1 and type 2) in children and young people: diagnosis and management (NG18)

This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and young people aged under 18. The guideline recommends strict targets for blood glucose control to reduce the long-term risks associated with diabetes.

NICE guideline Published August 2015 Last updated November 2016

Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis and management of physical complications (CG100)

This guideline covers care for adults and young people (aged 10 years and older) with physical health problems that are completely or partly caused by an alcohol-use disorder. It aims to improve the health of people with alcohol-use disorders by providing recommendations on managing acute alcohol withdrawal and treating alcohol-related conditions.

Clinical guideline Published June 2010 Last updated April 2017

Meningitis (bacterial) and meningococcal septicaemia in under 16s: recognition, diagnosis and management (CG102)

This guideline covers recognising, diagnosing and managing bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia (blood poisoning) in babies, children and young people under 16. It aims to reduce deaths and disability by promoting early recognition of symptoms and timely effective management.

Clinical guideline Published June 2010 Last updated February 2015

Fertility problems: assessment and treatment (CG156)

This guideline covers diagnosing and treating fertility problems. It aims to reduce variation in practice and improve the way fertility problems are investigated and managed.

Clinical guideline Published February 2013 Last updated September 2017

Chronic kidney disease (stage 4 or 5): management of hyperphosphataemia (CG157)

This guideline covers managing hyperphosphataemia in children, young people and adults with stage 4 or 5 chronic kidney disease. It makes recommendations on dietary management and phosphate binders, to reduce variation in care and the risk of hyperparathyroidism for people with chronic kidney disease.

Clinical guideline Published March 2013

Antisocial behaviour and conduct disorders in children and young people: recognition and management (CG158)

This guideline covers recognising and managing antisocial behaviour and conduct disorders in children and young people aged under 19. It aims to improve care by identifying children and young people who are at risk and when interventions can prevent conduct disorders from developing. The guideline also makes recommendations on communication, to help professionals build relationships with children and young people and involve them in their own care.

Clinical guideline Published March 2013 Last updated April 2017

Neonatal infection (early onset): antibiotics for prevention and treatment (CG149)

This guideline covers preventing infection within 72 hours of birth in healthy babies, treating pregnant women whose baby is at risk, and caring for babies who have a suspected or confirmed infection. It aims to reduce delays in recognising and treating sick babies and prevent unnecessary use of antibiotics.

Clinical guideline Published August 2012

Headaches in over 12s: diagnosis and management (CG150)

This guideline covers advice on the diagnosis and management of tension-type headache, migraine (including migraine with aura and menstrual-related migraine), cluster headache and medication overuse headache in young people (aged 12 years and older) and adults. It aims to improve the recognition and management of headaches, with more targeted treatment to improve the quality of life for people with headaches, and to reduce unnecessary investigations.

Clinical guideline Published September 2012 Last updated November 2015

Neutropenic sepsis: prevention and management in people with cancer (CG151)

This guideline covers preventing, identifying and managing neutropenic sepsis in children, young people and adults receiving treatment for cancer in the community and in secondary and tertiary care. It aims to reduce the risk of infection in people with neutropenia (low number of white blood cells) who are receiving anticancer treatment and improve management of neutropenic sepsis.

Clinical guideline Published September 2012

Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in over 16s: management (CG141)

This guideline covers how upper gastrointestinal bleeding can be effectively managed in adults and young people aged 16 years and older. It aims to identify which diagnostic and therapeutic steps are useful so hospitals can develop a structure in which clinical teams can deliver an optimum service for people who develop this condition.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012 Last updated August 2016

Autism spectrum disorder in adults: diagnosis and management (CG142)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing suspected or confirmed autism spectrum disorder (autism, Asperger’s syndrome and atypical autism) in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve access and engagement with interventions and services, and the experience of care, for people with autism.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012 Last updated August 2016

Sickle cell disease: managing acute painful episodes in hospital (CG143)

This guideline covers managing acute painful sickle cell episodes in children, young people and adults who present at hospital, from presentation until when they are discharged. It aims to reduce variation in how acute episodes are managed in hospital, focusing on effective, prompt and safe pain relief.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012

Venous thromboembolic diseases: diagnosis, management and thrombophilia testing (CG144)

This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of venous thromboembolic diseases in adults (aged 18 and over), and the role of thrombophilia testing. It aims to clarify which diagnostic tests should be used, reduce variation in pharmacological therapies, and provide guidance on when thrombophilia testing is useful.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012 Last updated November 2015

Multiple pregnancy: antenatal care for twin and triplet pregnancies (CG129)

This guideline covers the additional care that should be offered to women with twin and triplet pregnancies above that routinely offered to all women during pregnancy. It aims to reduce the risk of complications and improve outcomes in the mother and infants.

Clinical guideline Published September 2011

Hyperglycaemia in acute coronary syndromes: management (CG130)

This guideline covers managing hyperglycaemia in the first 48 hours for adults admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndromes. It aims to improve initial management of hyperglycaemia and ensure that adults are given advice on their diabetes risk and how to reduce it.

Clinical guideline Published October 2011

Colorectal cancer: diagnosis and management (CG131)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing colorectal (bowel) cancer in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve quality of life and survival for adults with colorectal cancer through early diagnosis and staging, management of local disease according to risk of recurrence (high, moderate, low) and management of secondary tumours (metastatic disease).

Clinical guideline Published November 2011 Last updated December 2014

Barrett's oesophagus: ablative therapy (CG106)

This guideline covers endoscopy treatments for people aged 18 and over with Barrett’s oesophagus and high-grade dysplasia or intramucosal cancer. It offers advice on which types of endoscopy treatments should be offered and how these should be used. It aims to improve choice of treatment for adults with Barrett’s oesophagus and improve quality of life and survival for those who cannot have surgery.

Clinical guideline Published August 2010

Hypertension in pregnancy: diagnosis and management (CG107)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing hypertension (high blood pressure), including pre-eclampsia, during pregnancy, labour and birth. It also includes advice for women with hypertension who wish to conceive and women who have had a pregnancy complicated by hypertension. It aims to improve care during pregnancy, labour and birth for women and their babies.

Clinical guideline Published August 2010 Last updated January 2011

Colorectal cancer prevention: colonoscopic surveillance in adults with ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease or adenomas (CG118)

This guideline covers using colonoscopy to check for signs of bowel cancer in people aged 18 and over with ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease (types of inflammatory bowel disease) or adenomas (also known as polyps). It aims to prevent cancer and prolong life by offering advice on identifying early bowel cancer in adults most at risk.

Clinical guideline Published March 2011