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Immunisations: reducing differences in uptake in under 19s (PH21)

This guideline covers increasing immunisation uptake among children and young people aged under 19 years in groups and settings where immunisation coverage is low. It aims to improve access to immunisation services and increase timely immunisation of children and young people. It also aims to ensure babies born to mothers infected with hepatitis B are immunised.

Public health guideline Published September 2009 Last updated September 2017

Unintentional injuries on the road: interventions for under 15s (PH31)

This guideline covers road speed limits, 20mph zones and engineering measures to reduce speed or make routes safer.

Public health guideline Published November 2010

Skin cancer prevention (PH32)

This guideline covers new buildings and communal outdoor areas. The aim is to ensure there are enough shady areas to protect people from overexposure to the sun.

Public health guideline Published January 2011 Last updated February 2016

Type 2 diabetes prevention: population and community-level interventions (PH35)

This guideline covers preventing type 2 diabetes in adult populations and communities who are at high risk. It aims to promote a healthy diet and physical activity at community and population level, and recommends how to tailor services for people in ethnic communities and other groups who are particularly at risk of type 2 diabetes.

Public health guideline Published May 2011

Smoking: acute, maternity and mental health services (PH48)

This guideline covers helping people to stop smoking in acute, maternity and mental health services. It promotes smokefree policies and services and recommends effective ways to help people stop smoking or to abstain from smoking while using or working in secondary care settings.

Public health guideline Published November 2013

Behaviour change: individual approaches (PH49)

This guideline covers changing health-damaging behaviours among people aged 16 and over using interventions such as goals and planning, feedback and monitoring, and social support. It aims to help tackle a range of behaviours including alcohol misuse, poor eating patterns, lack of physical activity, unsafe sexual behaviour and smoking.

Public health guideline Published January 2014

Smoking: workplace interventions (PH5)

This guideline covers how employers can encourage and support employees to stop smoking. It aims to reduce the number of people who smoke or are exposed to second-hand smoke and the rate of diseases and conditions caused by smoking.

Public health guideline Published April 2007

Oral health: local authorities and partners (PH55)

This guideline covers improving oral health by developing and implementing a strategy that meets the needs of people in the local community. It aims to promote and protect people’s oral health by improving their diet and oral hygiene, and by encouraging them to visit the dentist regularly.

Public health guideline Published October 2014

Vitamin D: supplement use in specific population groups (PH56)

This guideline covers vitamin D supplement use. It aims to prevent vitamin D deficiency among specific population groups including infants and children aged under 4, pregnant and breastfeeding women, particularly teenagers and young women, people over 65, people who have low or no exposure to the sun and people with darker skin.

Public health guideline Published November 2014 Last updated August 2017

Behaviour change: general approaches (PH6)

This guideline covers a set of principles that can be used to help people change their behaviour. The aim is for practitioners to use these principles to encourage people to adopt a healthier lifestyle by, for example, stopping smoking, adopting a healthy diet and being more physically active.

Public health guideline Published October 2007

Alcohol: school-based interventions (PH7)

This guideline covers school-based interventions to prevent and reduce alcohol use among children and young people. It aims to encourage children and young people not to drink, delay the age at which they start drinking and reduce the harm to those who do drink.

Public health guideline Published November 2007

Managing medicines in care homes (SC1)

This guideline covers good practice for managing medicines in care homes. It aims to promote the safe and effective use of medicines in care homes by advising on processes for prescribing, handling and administering medicines. It also recommends how care and services relating to medicines should be provided to people living in care homes.

Social care guideline Published March 2014

Safe staffing for nursing in adult inpatient wards in acute hospitals (SG1)

This guideline covers organisational and managerial approaches to safe nurse staffing of inpatient wards for people aged 18 and over in acute hospitals. It aims to ensure that patients receive the nursing care they need, regardless of the ward to which they are allocated, the time of the day, or the day of the week.

Safe staffing guideline Published July 2014

Needle and syringe programmes (PH52)

This guideline covers needle and syringe programmes for people (including those under 16) who inject drugs. The main aim is to reduce the transmission of viruses and other infections caused by sharing injecting equipment, such as HIV, hepatitis B and C. In turn, this will reduce the prevalence of blood-borne viruses and bacterial infections, so benefiting wider society.

Public health guideline Published March 2014

Weight management: lifestyle services for overweight or obese adults (PH53)

This guideline covers multi-component lifestyle weight management services including programmes, courses, clubs or groups provided by the public, private and voluntary sector. The aim is to help people lose weight and become more physically active to reduce the risk of diseases associated with obesity. This includes coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and various cancers.

Public health guideline Published May 2014

Physical activity: exercise referral schemes (PH54)

This guideline covers exercise referral schemes for people aged 19 and older, in particular, those who are inactive or sedentary. The aim is to encourage people to be physically active.

Public health guideline Published September 2014

Hepatitis B and C testing: people at risk of infection (PH43)

This guideline covers raising awareness of and testing for hepatitis B and C infection. It aims to ensure that people at increased risk of hepatitis B and C infection are tested.

Public health guideline Published December 2012 Last updated March 2013

Physical activity: brief advice for adults in primary care (PH44)

This guideline covers providing brief advice on physical activity to adults in primary care. It aims to improve health and wellbeing by raising awareness of the importance of physical activity and encouraging people to increase or maintain their activity level.

Public health guideline Published May 2013

Domestic violence and abuse: multi-agency working (PH50)

This guideline covers planning and delivering multi-agency services for domestic violence and abuse. It aims to help identify, prevent and reduce domestic violence and abuse among women and men in heterosexual or same-sex relationships, and among young people.

Public health guideline Published February 2014

Contraceptive services for under 25s (PH51)

This guideline covers contraceptive services for under-25s. It aims to ensure all under-25s are given advice and information on all types of contraception. This includes additional tailored support to meet the particular needs and choices of those who are socially disadvantaged or who may find it difficult to use these services.

Public health guideline Published March 2014

Smoking: harm reduction (PH45)

This guideline covers reducing harm from smoking. It aims to help people, particularly those who are highly dependent on nicotine, who:

Public health guideline Published June 2013 Last updated July 2013

BMI: preventing ill health and premature death in black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups (PH46)

This guideline covers the link between body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference and the risk of disease among adults from black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups in the UK. The aim was to determine whether lower cut-off points should be used for these groups as a trigger for lifestyle interventions to prevent conditions such as diabetes, myocardial infarction or stroke.

Public health guideline Published July 2013

Weight management: lifestyle services for overweight or obese children and young people (PH47)

This guideline covers lifestyle weight management services for children and young people aged under 18 who are overweight or obese. It advises how to deliver effective weight management programmes that support children and young people to change their lifestyle and manage their weight.

Public health guideline Published October 2013

Intrapartum care for healthy women and babies (CG190)

This guideline covers the care of healthy women and their babies, during labour and immediately after the birth. It focuses on women who give birth between 37 and 42 weeks of pregnancy (‘term’). The guideline helps women to make an informed choice about where to have their baby. It also aims to reduce variation in areas of care such as fetal monitoring during labour and management of the third stage of labour.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014 Last updated February 2017

Pneumonia in adults: diagnosis and management (CG191)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing community- and hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults. It aims to improve accurate assessment and diagnosis of pneumonia to help guide antibiotic prescribing and ensure that people receive the right treatment.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014

Antenatal and postnatal mental health: clinical management and service guidance (CG192)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing and treating mental health problems in women who are planning to have a baby, are pregnant, or have had a baby or been pregnant in the past year. It covers depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, drug- and alcohol-use disorders and severe mental illness (such as psychosis, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia). It promotes early detection and good management of mental health problems to improve women’s quality of life during pregnancy and in the year after giving birth.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014 Last updated April 2018

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and dyspepsia in adults: investigation and management (CG184)

This guideline covers investigating and managing gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and dyspepsia in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve the treatment of GORD and dyspepsia by making detailed recommendations on Helicobacter pylori eradication, and specifying when to consider laparoscopic fundoplication and referral to specialist services.

Clinical guideline Published September 2014 Last updated November 2014

Drug allergy: diagnosis and management (CG183)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing drug allergy in all age groups. It aims to make it easier for professionals to tell when someone is having an allergic reaction, by specifying the key signs and patterns to look out for. It also makes recommendations on improving people’s understanding of their drug allergies, and ensuring these are recorded properly in their medical records.

Clinical guideline Published September 2014

Bipolar disorder: assessment and management (CG185)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing and treating bipolar disorder (formerly known as manic depression) in children, young people and adults. The recommendations apply to bipolar I, bipolar II, mixed affective and rapid cycling disorders. It aims to improve access to treatment and quality of life in people with bipolar disorder.

Clinical guideline Published September 2014 Last updated April 2018

Multiple sclerosis in adults: management (CG186)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing multiple sclerosis in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve the quality of life for adults with multiple sclerosis by promoting symptom management, comprehensive reviews and effective relapse treatment.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014

Acute heart failure: diagnosis and management (CG187)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing acute heart failure or possible acute heart failure in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve the immediate care of someone who is acutely unwell as a result of heart failure.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014

Obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder: treatment (CG31)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing, diagnosing and treating obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder in adults, young people and children (aged 8 years and older). It aims to improve the diagnosis and treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder. It includes recommendations on how families and carers may be able to support people with either of these conditions, and how they can get support for themselves.

Clinical guideline Published November 2005

Nutrition support for adults: oral nutrition support, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition (CG32)

This guideline covers identifying and caring for adults who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition in hospital or in their own home or a care home. It offers advice on how oral, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition support should be started, administered and stopped. It aims to support healthcare professionals identify malnourished people and help them to choose the most appropriate form of support.

Clinical guideline Published February 2006 Last updated August 2017

Depression in children and young people: identification and management (CG28)

This guideline covers identifying and managing depression in children and young people aged between 5 and 18 years. Based on the stepped care model, it aims to improve recognition and assessment and promote effective treatments for mild, moderate and severe depression.

Clinical guideline Published September 2005 Last updated September 2017

Long-acting reversible contraception (CG30)

This guideline covers long-acting reversible contraception. It aims to increase the use of long-action reversible contraception by improving the information given to women about their contraceptive choices.

Clinical guideline Published October 2005 Last updated September 2014

Postnatal care up to 8 weeks after birth (CG37)

This guideline covers the routine postnatal care women and their babies should receive for 6–8 weeks after the birth. It includes advice given on breastfeeding, and the management of common and serious health problems in women and their babies after the birth.

Clinical guideline Published July 2006 Last updated February 2015

Gallstone disease: diagnosis and management (CG188)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing gallstone disease in adults. It aims to reduce variation in care by promoting the most effective treatments, and to improve the advice given to people with gallstone disease before and after treatment.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014

Obesity: identification, assessment and management (CG189)

This guideline covers identifying, assessing and managing obesity in children (aged 2 years and over), young people and adults. It aims to improve the use of bariatric surgery and very-low-calorie diets to help people who are obese to reduce their weight.

Clinical guideline Published November 2014

Dental checks: intervals between oral health reviews (CG19)

This guideline covers assigning recall intervals between oral health reviews that are appropriate to the needs of individual patients. The guideline takes account of the effect of dental checks on: people’s wellbeing, general health and preventive habits; caries incidence and avoiding restorations; periodontal health and avoiding tooth loss; and avoiding pain and anxiety. It aims to improve or maintain patients’ quality of life and reduce morbidity associated with oral and dental disease.

Clinical guideline Published October 2004

Chronic kidney disease in adults: assessment and management (CG182)

This guideline covers the care and treatment of people with, or at risk of developing, chronic kidney disease. It aims to prevent or delay the progression of chronic kidney disease, reduce or prevent the development of complications, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Clinical guideline Published July 2014 Last updated January 2015

Cardiovascular disease: risk assessment and reduction, including lipid modification (CG181)

This guideline covers the assessment and care of adults who are at risk of or who have cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as heart disease and stroke. It aims to help healthcare professionals identify people who are at risk of cardiovascular problems including people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, or chronic kidney disease. It describes the lifestyle changes people can make and how statins can be used to reduce their risk.

Clinical guideline Published July 2014 Last updated September 2016

Social and emotional wellbeing: early years (PH40)

This guideline covers supporting the social and emotional wellbeing of vulnerable children under 5 through home visiting, childcare and early education. It aims to optimise care for young children who need extra support because they have or are at risk of social or emotional problems.

Public health guideline Published October 2012

Physical activity: walking and cycling (PH41)

This guideline covers encouraging people to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes.

Public health guideline Published November 2012

Obesity: working with local communities (PH42)

This guideline covers how local communities, with support from local organisations and networks, can help prevent people from becoming overweight or obese or help them lose weight. It aims to support sustainable and community-wide action to achieve this.

Public health guideline Published November 2012 Last updated June 2017

Tuberculosis (NG33)

This guideline covers preventing, identifying and managing latent and active tuberculosis (TB) in children, young people and adults. It aims to improve ways of finding people who have TB in the community and recommends that everyone under 65 with latent TB should be treated. It describes how TB services should be organised, including the role of the TB control board.

NICE guideline Published January 2016 Last updated May 2016

Sunlight exposure: risks and benefits (NG34)

This guideline covers how to communicate the risks and benefits of natural sunlight exposure (specifically, the ultraviolet rays UVA and UVB) to help people understand why they may need to modify their behaviour to reduce their risk of skin cancer and vitamin D deficiency.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Myeloma: diagnosis and management (NG35)

This guideline covers the diagnosing and managing of myeloma (including smouldering myeloma and primary plasma cell leukaemia) in people aged 16 and over. It aims to improve care for people with myeloma by promoting the most effective tests and treatments for myeloma and its complications.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated October 2018

Cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract: assessment and management in people aged 16 and over (NG36)

This guideline covers assessing and managing cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract in people aged 16 and over. These are cancers of the airways of the head and neck, including the mouth, throat, larynx (voicebox) and sinuses. It aims to reduce variation in practice and improve survival.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated June 2018

Fractures (complex): assessment and management (NG37)

This guideline covers assessing and managing pelvic fractures, open fractures and severe ankle fractures (known as pilon fractures and intra-articular distal tibia fractures) in pre-hospital settings (including ambulance services), emergency departments and major trauma centres. It aims to reduce deaths and long-term health problems by improving the quality of emergency and urgent care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated November 2017

Fractures (non-complex): assessment and management (NG38)

This guideline covers assessing and managing non-complex fractures that can be treated in the emergency department or orthopaedic clinic. It aims to improve practice so that people with fractures receive the care that they need without unnecessary tests and treatments.

NICE guideline Published February 2016